India China Galwan Standoff, Has China profited from LAC Standoff?

• As per report, Chinese troops who occupied Indian-claimed territory in the vicinity of Patrolling Point 14 (PP14) in the Galwan River valley in Ladakh have withdrawn about 2 km into China’s side of the Line of Actual Control (LAC). National Security Advisor Ajit Doval spoke on the phone to China’s State Councillor and Minister of Foreign Affairs Wang Yi.

(Now Recall June 6)**
June 6: First round of talks at the level of the Corps Commander, the two armies had started the disengagement process from Galwan sector
June 15: However, when Indian soldiers went to verify the “withdrawal”, they ran into Chinese troops, resulting in Violent clash (Death of 20 Indian Soldiers)

Devil Lies in the Detail
• Let us read and analyse the official statements given by India and China.

Some Points to Note..

• China doesn’t use India’s terms “de-escalation,” “earliest,” “expeditiously.

• China, has alluded to India as the aggressor and asserted that it will “continue firmly safeguarding our territorial sovereignty.”

• Simply put, China is saying it will defend its new territorial gains.
When asked whether China had pulled back equipment in the Galwan valley, Chinese foreign ministry Spokesman Zhao Lijian said both sides were “taking effective measures to disengage and ease the situation on the border”. Further, China Blames India for June 15 clash.

• China’s statement, however, blamed Indian troops for the June 15 clash and reiterated Beijing’s previously stated claim over the Galwan River valley. “The merits of the recent incident in the Galvan (Galwan) Valley in the western section of the China-India border are clear, and China will continue to vigorously defend its territorial sovereignty and safeguard peace in the border areas,” said a Chinese ministry of foreign affairs. 

India, on the other hand said…

• New Delhi’s statement said diplomatic and military dialogue would continue, including under the framework of the “Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination” and at the level of special representatives i.e. Doval and Wang.

Lets see it objectively…

• Within India’s military, there is worry that a “mutual pullback agreement” would effectively result in the loss of Indian territory. With Chinese troops already having intruded more than 2 km into areas that India has traditionally claimed, occupied and patrolled, a mutual pullback of 2 kilometres would create a 4-kilometre-deep “buffer zone” that would lie entirely in Indian territory.

A “mutual pullback” and “buffer zone” STUDY agreement would mean these areas would now be out of bounds.

• By agreeing to a “buffer zone” on the Indian side of the LAC and to restrict Indian patrolling to the west of the confluence of the Galwan and Shyok rivers, India will stay out of the Galwan Valley, thus giving credence to China’s freshly minted claim to the entire Galwan Valley.

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